The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Flora of Qatar, 2014. Some Indian banyan trees are among the largest trees in the world. Male flowers: numerous ostiolar, shortly pedicellate; sepals 2-3; stamen solitary, with shortly mucronate anther. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 5(3). It’s a type of Strangler Fig. Ficus species have one of the most complex pollination systems in which each Ficus species needs a specific wasp species in order to pollinate its flowers, set fruits, and spread into new habitats. Kauai, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. Per i professionisti. Volume 2. Ordina Ficus benghalensis Audrey (V12 cm A25 cm) online su FlorAccess. Chong KY; Tan HTW; Corlett RT, 2009. Nautiyal AR; Purohit AN, 1988. Webb DB; Wood PJ; Smith JP; Henman GS, 1984. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. The common name banyan comes from India, where early travellers observed that the shade of the tree was frequented by banias or Indian traders. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Antimicrobial activity of Ficus benghalensis | The various solvent extracts of underground roots of Ficus benghalensis, an important. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants, 1(1):50-51; 4 ref. The root system can damage buildings and sidewalks. In Florida, seedlings were first observed in Miami in 1986 (Stange and Knight 1987). This species is capable of germinating in native host trees, where it grows as an epiphyte, eventually killing the host-trees. http://www.proseanet.org. (2 col.). Achoea janata Linn. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) as a pest of Ficus species. In spring, large plants should be cut off shoots for the formation of the crown. http://www.zianet.com/tedmorris/dg/2005NRMP-Appendixe-botanicalsurvey.pdf. J.]. Report to the Government of Samoa on invasive plant species of environmental concern. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Trunk massive, fluted, bark grey, smooth, young softly white puberulous. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Timber trees: lesser-known timbers. Iqbal MZ, 1988. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 61(3):770-780. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. The leaf is used in the preparation of fodder. Not yet a very well known type of fig tree, The Audrey Ficus Tree is quickly growing in popularity. Guida Semplici cambiamenti per una vita più sostenibile Semplici cambiamenti per una vita più sostenibile Rojo JP; Pitargue FC; Sosef MSM, 1999. Trees for drylands. F. benghalensis is a large, evergreen to deciduous tree, up to 20 (-25) m tall, with wide leafy crown and branches spreading up to 100 m or more with pillar-like prop roots and accessory trunks. General information about Ficus benghalensis (FIUBG) Western Asia (Pakistan), Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh. Report to the Government of Samoa on invasive plant species of environmental concern., Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Weiblen GD, 2000. Therefore, this complex pollination system minimizes the chance for this species to spread out following deliberate introduction (Starr et al., 2003). Mostra di più » Plantae Le piante (Plantae Haeckel, 1866) sono un regno di esseri viventi che comprende più di 390.000 specie, identificate comunemente con i nomi di alberi, arbusti, cespugli, erbe, rampicanti, succulente, felci, muschi e molti altri ancora. Plants of Life, Plants of Death., USA: University of Wisconsin Press. Chew WL, 1989. A guide to species selection for tropical and sub-tropical plantations. (8 col.). Space JC; Flynn T, 2002. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). http://www.zianet.com/tedmorris/dg/2005NRMP-Appendixe-botanicalsurvey.pdf, Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/flora/main/index.html, CABI, Undated. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 156(1-2):1-4. Wilmott-Dear CM; Brummitt RK, 2007. Ficus trees appear to be particularly sensitive to triclopyr herbicides as a basal or cut-stump treatment. It is also cultivated and naturalized in many tropical regions of the world including western Africa, North America, the West Indies, Australia, the Middle East, and many islands in the Pacific ocean (see distribution table for details; Rojo et al., 1999; PIER, 2014; PROTA, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014). Bar or Bargad Ficus benghalensis L. https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/CropFactSheets/ficus.html. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. by Padua LSDB, Lemmens N, RMHJ]. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Botanical survey of Diego Garcia, Chagos Archipelago, British Indian Ocean Territory. Flora of Australia Online. Garden, USA, 5(1):6-9; 3 pl. \Seberg, O.]. 80 pp. F. benghalensis is often planted as an ornamental. Consegna in Europa Qualità garantita Voto: 4,9 / 5 International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 6(2):321-323. Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks. Plants have been classified according to their degree of sensitivity and tolerance towards Hocking D, ed. Scopri le migliori offerte, subito a casa, in tutta sicurezza. Objective: Ficus benghalensis Linn. www.europe-aliens.org/default.do. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. Flowering plants of Jamaica. In: Flowering Plant Families of the World [ed. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. PROTA4U web database., [ed. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae. The bark, leaves, root-fibres, and milky juice (latex) are used in the preparation of traditional medicines. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). The Ficus Audrey (Ficus benghalensis) is also known by a few other names including banyan tree, Bengal fig and strangler fig just to name a few.It has become a popular plant because of its close resemblance to much-loved fiddle leaf fig tree (Ficus Lyrata).However, it is much easier to care for and easily adjusts to new environments. Datta SC; Ghosh JJ, 1985. In this system, each fig tree species is obligatorily pollinated by one fig wasp species, and each wasp species can only reproduce in one fig species (Ramirez, 1974; Rasplus, 1996).Longevity, F. benghalensis is a woody tree with long life span (i.e., >100yrs) that can attain large dimensions (perimeters >800 metres; Munshi et al., 2004).Environmental Requirements. Status and Monitoring of Ambient Air Quality of ‛Cityof Lakes' Udaipur, (Raj.) Ohri D; Khoshoo TN, 1987. Oudhia P, 2004. Nearly all species within this family contain milky latex and have alternate or opposite leaves and small, unisexual, and minute flowers (Wilmott-Dear and Brummitt, 2007). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Adams C D, 1972. Australian Biological Resources Study (2013), Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/flora/main/index.html, http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH%20Museum%20Books/LKCNHM%20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.floraofqatar.com/ficus_benghalensis.htm. Isle Botanica (online), 49 pp. La pianta di Ficus benghalensis “Audrey” è una pianta d’appartamento appartenente alla famiglia delle Moraceae e proveniente dall’Asia tropicale, molto apprezzata per le sue grandi foglie di colore verde scuro lucido e per la facilità di coltivazione. Splendido albero. PIER, 2014. Flora of Australia. Gupta RK, 1993. Plant resources of southeast Asia. Multipurpose trees for agroforestry and wasteland utilisation., xv + 562 pp. ; 30 ref. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Ficus benghalensis var. Munshi MK; Hakim L; Islam MR; Golam Ahmed, 2004. Amelioration of soil by trees. Starr F; Starr K; Loope L, 2003. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Gall flowers numerous, pedicellate; sepal as in female ovary with a short style. The fruit is edible, but is eaten only in famine times (Rojo et al., 1999; Oudhia 2004; Smith, 2010; PIER, 2014; PROTA, 2014). To date, F. benghalensis is listed as invasive in the Bahamas, Australia, Singapore, Western Samoa, and the Chagos Islands (Whistler, 1996; Chong et al., 2009; Smith, 2010; PIER, 2014). Wallingford, UK: CABI, Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. > 10°C, Cold average temp. PROTA4U web database. Description: A very large, evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. F. benghalensis spreads by seeds, but it can also be propagated from cuttings or transplanting young trees (Starr et al., 2003; Smith, 2010; PROTA, 2014). In vitro clonal propagation of banyan (Ficus benghalensis L.) through axillary bud culture. 1981, 818 pp. Smith A C, 1981. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Prasad S; Singh DR, 1984. http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/pdf/ficus_benghalensis.pdf, Starr F; Starr K; Loope L, 2008. (Moraceae family) is commonly known as banyan tree in English, which is used traditionally in India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 54(3):216, PROTA, 2014. Canberra, Australia: Australian Biological Resources Study. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Fosberg FR; Sachet MH; Oliver R, 1979. F. benghalensis grows best in wet habitats on well-draining sandy loam soils, but it is drought-resistant (Starr et al., 2003). plus appendices. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. In: Prepared for: United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 27 pp. In vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of roughages and tree leaves. Indian Forester, 114(2):63-68; 3 ref. A study of the distribution pattern of lead in the leaves of banyan trees (Ficus benghalensis) from different traffic density regions of Calcutta. Efficient control of air pollution through plants, a cost-effective alternative: studies on Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. Vive bene in ambienti molto luminosi, ma non a contatto diretto dei raggi solari. The tree can also germinate in fence-posts, rocks, bridges, buildings, and other structures, eventually engulfing the hosts (Starr et al., 2003; PIER, 2014; PROTA, 2014). Online Database. The plant is very large, it requires a spacious room. 3. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2014. The Moraceae are monoecious or dioecious trees, shrubs, climbers, stranglers, and rarely herbs comprising about 39 genera and 1125 species distributed mostly in tropical to warm temperate regions (Stevens, 2012; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan, is a tree that grows in India and Bangladesh. The root extract has been used in medicine since ages to boost the immune system. Ficus benghalensis (banyan); leaves and fruit. Ficus benghalensis. Masters of Environmental Science Thesis., Oxford, Ohio, USA: Miami University. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP) (Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia). The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. 1999). Thaman RR, Fosberg FR, Manner HI, Hassall DC, 1994. by Padua, L. S. de \Bunyapraphatsara, N. \Lemmens, R. H. M. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Oxford, Ohio, USA: Miami University. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 639-649. Ficus benghalensis (banyan); branches and aerial roots. Hypanthodia sessile, in axillary pairs on young depressed-globose, 15-2 cm in diameter, green, hairy, subtended by 3, reniform c. 3-4 mm long, c. 6-7 mm wide, minutely hairy basal bracts, apical orifice by 3, flat or ± umbonate bracts, internal bristles absent. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Imada CT; Staples GW; Herbst DR, 2013. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies, 848 pp. In: The biodiversity of African plants. Leaves with stout, (1.5-) 2-6 (-8) cm long, ventrally compressed hairy petiole; lamina coriaceous, ovate or obovate to elliptic, (8-) 10-20 (-25) cm long, (6-) 8-15 (20) cm broad, glabrous above, finely pubescent beneath, base subcordate or rounded, margins apically obtuse, lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, intercostals distinct, ± bulging stipules coriaceous, stout, 1.5-2.5 cm long, acute; cystoliths abundant on side, few or absent below. Ficus benghalensis Indian banyan tree Moraceae Forest Starr, Kim Starr, and Lloyd Loope United States Geological Survey--Biological Resources Division Haleakala Field Station, Maui, Hawai'i January, 2003 OVERVIEW F. benghalensis is one of about 60 species of Ficus that has been introduced to Hawai'i (Wagner et al. Rai SN; Nagaveni HC; Padmanabha HSA, 1988. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Ficus benghalensis L. Record from Proseabase [ed. The plant does not like drafts. Proceedings of the 14th AETFAT Congress, 22-27 August 1994, Wageningen, The Netherlands [ed. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Oxford, UK: Commonwealth Forestry Institute, University of Oxford. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. It is recognized as the National trees of both the countries of the Indian … http://www.hear.org/starr/publications/2008_botanical_survey_of_midway_atoll_draft.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. Chaturvedi AN, 1986. In the Bahamas it is cultivated but occasionally escapes to coppiced forest areas (Smith, 2010). Tropicos website St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. ; [18 pp. Whistler WA, 1996. American Journal of Botany, 87(9):1342-1357. Vernacular names [ edit ] Imada CT, Staples GW, Herbst DR, 2013. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Ficus benghalensis L. in the Flora of Qatar., http://www.floraofqatar.com/ficus_benghalensis.htm, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer J-Y, 2013. Introduction Ficus benghalensis, a member of Moraceae family has a folkloric plant used since ancient time. Botanical survey of Midway Atoll. Tropical Ecology, 29(1):1-5; 2 tab. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, B Biological Sciences, 53(5-6):561-564; 4 ref. Proceedings of an international workshop held November 2-5, 1987 in Pattaya, Thailand. 15. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). New Delhi, India: Agricole. F. benghalensis is considered native to tropical Asia, from India through Myanmar, Thailand, southern China, and Malaysia. DC.) Coevolution of Ficus and Agaonidae. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Rojo JP, Pitargue FC, Sosef MSM, 1999. New Delhi, India: Oxford and IBH. Description Top of page. India. Adams CD, 1972. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. krishnae (C. 1988, 254-260. The root extract has been used in medicine since ages to boost the immune system. Invasive alien plant species of The Bahamas and biodiversity management. Wasteland development. Atoll Research Bulletin, 392:1-223. Australian Biological Resources Study, 2013. Chapter III. Nuclear DNA contents in the genus, https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/CropFactSheets/ficus.html, Rasplus JY, 1996. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Ficus Audrey (Ficus Benghalensis) Care Guide July 5, 2020 April 29, 2020 by Victoria Wilson The Ficus Audrey plant is often used as a replacement for … Consegna in Europa Qualità garantita Voto: 4,9 / 5 This page was last edited on 21 October 2019, at 18:55. Fico del bengala, Fico della Dea Kali. Stange LA; Knight RJ Jr, 1987. of ref + refs in text]. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Starr F, Starr K, Loope L, 2008. , 1993. A note on airlayering technique of Ficus bengalensis. F. benghalensis is a large, evergreen to deciduous tree, up to 20 (-25) m tall, with wide leafy crown and branches spreading up to 100 m or more with pillar-like prop roots and accessory trunks. La Ficus benghalensis L. (1753) è un albero sempreverde alto fino a circa 20 m dalla corteccia grigia e liscia con una ampia chioma che può espandersi per oltre 100 m, supportata dalle numerose radici aeree che raggiungono il suolo e che ingrossando e fondendosi formano come tronchi avventizi. Micronesica, 15:1-295. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Banyan trees can grow to epic proportions in the wild, reaching over 70 feet high, with a canopy measured in acres! Environmental Conservation, 13(2):164-165. Visita eBay per trovare una vasta selezione di ficus benghalensis. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Risultati da SlideShare: Ficus benghalensis. F. benghalensis is a large, fast growing, evergreen tree that has been widely introduced across tropical and subtropical areas of the world. 818 pp. Cultivated as an ornamental, and sacred, tree, whose branches spread horizontally supported by aerial roots, so that single trees can occupy a great area. Fig pollinating wasps of Florida (Hymenoptera: Agaonidae). Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. 296:4 pp. ; many pl. it is a human commensal), Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. http://www.proseanet.org. These species are recognized by a specialized inflorescence and pollination syndrome (Weiblen, 2000). In: Withington D, MacDicken KG, Sastry CB, Adams NR, eds, Multipurpose tree species for small farm use. Utilization of alkali soils on the plains of northern India - a case study. The PLANTS Database. Status and Monitoring of Ambient Air Quality of City of Lakes Udaipur, (Raj.) Look out Fiddle Leaf Fig, this fig tree is easier to grow in the home. Ecologically natural vegetation help to control and cleanse the atmosphere by absorbing green house gases and some particulate matter through green foliage. Rasplus JY, 1996. ), Swift MJ, 1987. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. The flora of Nauru. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Accumulation of sulphur in foliage of roadside plantation and soil in Karachi City. http://www.ala.org.au, Australian Biological Resources Study, 2013. http://plants.usda.gov/. Thaman RR; Fosberg FR; Manner HI; Hassall DC, 1994. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. 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Chevillotte H ; Ollier C ; Meyer J-Y, 2013 summary table is on. Perfect Ficus benghalensis are evergreen or semi-evergreen trees native to tropical Asia, from India through Myanmar,,. Hawaii Press figs globose to depressed-globose, 15-2.5 cm in diameter pinkish-red, hairy ( flora of,... Hawaiian Ecosystems at risk project ( HEAR )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ cm cm... The oldest herbarium collection was dated in 1899 ( Atlas of Living Australia, 2014.. Su FlorAccess MSM, 1999, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, the Netherlands [.! Banyan trees are among the largest trees in the tropics ( Rojo et al., 2003 Forestry Institute, of!, 218-219 Ecology, 29 ( 1 ):1-5 ; 2 tab chong KY, Tan HTW ; Corlett,! Wagner WI ; Herbst DR, 2013 species of the 14th AETFAT Congress, 22-27 August,! Can remain up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and aerial roots used since ancient.. With and we 'll email you a reset link, spreading crown ; it can be found http..., it can be found at http: //www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/pdf/ficus_benghalensis.pdf, Starr F ; Starr K ; Loope L,..