A friendship was born, as were the beginnings of the classics stories of fun and friendship. This set of lesson plans, resources, and activities is for use with “Finding Winnie” by Lindsay Mattick. Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear, by Lindsay Mattick is a perfect NEW picture book for Veteran's Day. Dec 27, 2017 - Two little book worms call me Mama, and I call them Bear and Mouse. Great component to an interactive read aloud! We all love a discount. pre-reading activities - try to get their attention. Finding Winnie Activities Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear, by Lindsay Mattick is a narrative non-fiction picture book about how Winnie became a world famous bear. Literature Guides are 16-18 page ready-to-print PDF files. Heres a fascinating story for all those kids, young and old, who have loved Winnie-the-Pooh. Contribute your ideas for crafts, games and fun projects for kids. Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear by Lindsay Mattick, Sophie Blackall Before Winnie-the-Pooh, there was a real bear named Winnie. Beginning Middle End It can be used for whole group, small group, and independent instruction – which makes these resources a smart choice for literacy centers or Reader's Workshop. The new live-action film Christopher Robin, starring Ewan McGregor and Winnie the Pooh, is being released by Disney on August 3. Comprehension Connection. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Next, the teacher will want to explicitly teach the difference between facts and opinions, and this is where I’d revisit the statements the kids gave. A writing craft-ivity is also included. Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick-A Complete Book Response Journal, Literature Lap Books for the YEAR! Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick and Sophie Blackall read aloud by Jordan for Evangel University's EDUC 329. Activities include: Story Elements Prediction - 4 activities Beginning Middle End Main idea with details Who what when where why how Illustrating and d Feb 15, 2018 - This set of lesson plans, resources, and activities is for use with "Finding Winnie" by Lindsay Mattick. To learn more about the Fact and Opinion Paper Bag Book, you can click the image below. It's perfect to read year around! Explore classroom activities, puzzles, teacher resources and enrichment I am sharing the interactive notebook pieces above. This literature unit is common core aligned for 1st-4th grade and is perfect for Veteran's Day, as it covers many Common Core standards. Together we are reading our way through childhood. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Discover the best kids activities, including free and cheap ways to have fun with ideas from other parents. A variety of activities are great for different ages. This is a literature unit for the book "Finding Winnie" by Lindsay Mattick. There are two different formats along with answer keys attached! This familiar activity will have students actively thinking about the language words Lindsay Mattick used to bring the story of Finding Winnie to life. One day, when a veterinarian was on his way to tend to another animal, he came across a bear in need. Kids Activities & Enrichment Projects. Now Common Core Aligned! I would suggest something around three minutes long. Who what when where why how Included are multiple activities appropriate for grades 1-4. Story Elements *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Activities Maria Now that the weather is getting colder you can’t take the little boy to the park anymore, are there any indoor parks or in door activities that me and my one year old boy can do together? Main idea with details It can be used for whole group, small group, and independent instruction - which makes these resources a smart choice for literacy centers or Reader's Workshop. Students will enjoy tracking Winnie’s adventures from the fields of Canada to an Army base in England, and finally to the London Zoo where Winnie meets a boy named Christopher Robin. Display banner- a long colourful banner for your display Illustrating and d, Help your students explore this wonderful Caldecott nonfiction story of the bear that inspired A.A. Milne to write the classic Winnie-the-Pooh stories. Activities include: Fact and opinion is an important skills no matter what grade level you teach. Finding Winnie tells the true story of a remarkable bear named Winnipeg and the people who loved her. Finding Winne tells the true story of a remarkable bear named Winnipeg and the people who loved her. Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick: A Complete Literature Study! Finding Winnie Activities Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear, by Lindsay Mattick is a narrative non-fiction picture book about how Winnie became a world famous bear. Teachers Pay Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials. Lindsay Mattick, Harry Colebourn's great-granddaughter, is the vice-president of an award-winning public relations firm.Based in Toronto, she has shared Harry and Winnie's story around the world. In the photo above, you can see the bulleted list of descriptors for facts and opinions. Learning Fun Activities with these Free Winnie the Pooh-Inspired Printables. Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick is a heartwarming story! All my games have fun and well known characters that your students are sure to love and they will be begging to play! Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear is a 2015 children's book written by Canadian author Lindsay Mattick and illustrated by Sophie Blackall.The non-fiction book is framed as a story Mattick is telling to her son. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. This will provide your students with the opportunity to discuss what makes the statements facts or opinions. Find out more and how to get your free printable pack today. As it is read to the students, have students find and sort the statement tabs provided and glue them to the Fact and Opinion Sorting Mat. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Display border- a themed display border to print out as many times as you need for a display board of any size The beloved bear we call Winnie the Pooh is based on the relationship between a real person and a real bear. 4 5. pre-reading activities 2 - speaking, check previous knowledge-5 6. pre-reading activities 3 speaking, writing, listening-6 7. while reading activities … Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear [Mattick, Lindsay, Blackall, Sophie] on Amazon.com. Because students only have to recognize the word, UPDATE! could be used to make a holiday garland for your christmas tree! I Have Who Has Folder Game In this post, I share with you how I used the book. As you discuss the statements, you can point out the signal words and evidence. During the month of January, you can save 10% with the code: SNOWMUCHFUN. Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick. Page 2 Cont, Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear by Lindsay Mattick is a perfect NEW picture book for Veteran's Day.This is a narrative non-fiction picture book about how Winnie became a world famous bear. {A Mega Bundle}, Also included in: 2nd Grade Literacy | Growing Bundle | Digital + Print | Distance Learning. Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World’s Most Famous Bear by Lindsay Mattick tells the heart-warming story of the real bear Winnie-the-Pooh was named after. Students will enjoy tracking Winnie’s adventures from the fields of Canada to an Army base in England, and finally to the London Zoo where Winnie meets a boy named Christopher Robin. Create a folder game that is easy for your students to grab and play without needing help to find the pieces! But he took Winnie to the London Zoo and it was there, years later, that a little boy named Christopher Robin Milne first saw her. In 1914, Harry Colebourn, a veterinarian on his way to tend horses in World War I, followed his heart and rescued a baby bear. As a teacher it is important to differentiate groups based from different criteria. « Five Things Parents Can Do to Support Literacy Learning at Home, Three Steps to a Successful Writer’s Workshop », Hey friends! Interactive Personality Survey, Winnie the Witch book study activity pack- Halloween, Solving Multi Step Equations with Winnie the Pooh, I Have Who Has - WINNIE THE POOH - Ten More Ten Less - Math Folder Game. 3 4. pre-reading activities 1-speaking, writing, listening. Winnie was full of affection and exploits, and it was hard for Harry to imagine leaving her behind in England when word came his unit was leaving for the front. Shows resources that can work for all subjects areas, Finding Winnie- 2016 Caldecott Award Winner- Heartwarming True Story of Winnie the Pooh- Skills addressed in this pack include character traits, compare and contrast, sequencing, main idea and details, vocabulary, writing, and more! This 51 page journal includes many graphic organizers, constructed response questions and a week's worth of activities. Literature guides are now DOWNLOAD ONLY!! This mini lesson specifically focuses on visualizing action, Practice Making Inferences with Finding WinnieHelping readers identify the ways we can make inferences to deepen comprehension an important part of reading instruction. If you purchased this unit prior to this date, you can download the new version at no extra charge! Perfect for a small book club, This is a collection of activities and worksheets to accompany Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick. Also included in: Literature Lap Books for the YEAR! Maps to chart the locations of Winnie the Pooh in Canada and England, pages to draw maps and pictures, as well as writing frames to, The pack includes: There are many ways to use these resources. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Includes American-spelling and Canadian-spelling versions!Included in this product:‣ Story Summary worksheet‣ Put It In Order (sequencing cut and paste worksheet), A wonderful collection of activities that correlate with the book, Help students become more metacognitive by teaching them how to synthesize these facts in order to form a deeper understanding of the famous black bear.Finding Winnie is a Gui, Practice Making Connections with Finding WinnieStudents will enjoy connecting what they know about people and world events to this true story about the world's most famous bear. It can be used for whole group, small group, and independent instruction – which makes these resources a smart choice for literacy centers or Reader's Workshop. Children will fall in love with this true story of the bear who inspired Winnie-the-Pooh. Keep the kids occupied with these 10 Fun, Winnie the Pooh Crafts and Activities to do over Holiday break. Title: Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear Written by: Lindsay Mattick Illustrated by: Sophie Blackall Little, Brown and Company, 2015, nonfiction, 56 pages Suitable for ages: 3-6 (I would put it at 6-10) Lexile: AD590L… Your students will love this 'Vocabulary Puzzles: Finding Winnie (elem)'. 2016 Caldecott winner about the world's most famous bear. Do you use any other pre-reading activities? We write using and justifying our opinions, and we want childre to share facts and opinions about topics we discuss. Everything they need to play the game will. Most of us consider the beloved tales of Winnie the Pooh by A.A. Milne a treasured part of our childhood. Guided Reading: Finding Winnie (primary/elem) 1 of 7 Suggestions for teachers to guide students during a "read aloud" of Lindsay Mattick's 2016 Caldecott winner, with pages for students to fill in their own before, during, and after reading questions; this unit includes art prompts. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Research Based Interactive Personality Survey used to determine student character and personality to assist in classroom instruction. Copy as an entire packet, or copy pages individually. Help students identify the ways we connect books to our own experiences, other text, and to the world with this making co. Here's What You'll Get and Why, A guided reading or interactive read aloud lesson plan for the nonfiction mentor text picture book Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick and Sophie Blackall. Includes nineteen different activities! Oct 30, 2016 - Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear by Lindsay Mattick is a perfect NEW picture book for Veteran's Day.This is a narrative non-fiction picture book about how Winnie became a world famous bear. Finding Winnie is actually a nonfiction book, but it reads like a narrative. check their previous knowledge about the topic. Use this visualizing lesson plan and set of student resources to teach readers how to use the words in a text to create mental images while reading. The activities included here illustrate some possibilities for this book in the classroom when studying writing, visual design, book characters, life 100 years ago, World War I, ancestry, or animal-human relationships. The story begins with a Canadian veterinarian from Winnipeg, who was leaving home for the war (World War I). {A Mega Bundle}, 2nd Grade Literacy | Unit 5 - Week 2 | Finding Winnie | Distance Learning, 2nd Grade Literacy | Growing Bundle | Digital + Print | Distance Learning, Finding Winnie Lesson Plans & Activities Package, Second Grade (CCSS), Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick Lesson Plan and Activities, 'Finding Winnie' Literature Unit by Lindsay Mattick, Finding Winnie: A Lesson on Being Knowledgeable, "Finding Winnie" By Lindsay Mattick Vocabulary Slides, What Winnie the Pooh Character Are You? I differentiate groups by readiness (knowledge level), Modality (Learning Style), Perfect for learning about Winnie The Pooh or A. Use this 'Vocabulary Puzzles: Finding Winnie (elem)' printable worksheet in the classroom or at home. Finding Winnie is one of those special books that holds appeal and depth across ages. What are your thoughts? We know you will find youself, your students, and your curriculum enriched by Finding Winnie. Use this making inference resource set to teach students how to use illustrations, author's word choice, and prior knowledge to ga, Finally, a fun way to reinforce the vocabulary of literature with small groups or the whole class! This literature unit is common core … These cookies do not store any personal information. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Lessons and activities focus on: Summarizing key details (4 strategies: narrative retell, timeline, graphic organizer, Somebody Wanted But Then So, Practice Asking Questions with Finding WinnieReaders will find it easy to ask questions while reading about Winnie and her adventures. Just click: Literature Lap Books for the YEAR! This packet includes activities in the following areas: genre, characters, setting, summary, sequencing, character traits, alphabetical order, vocabulary, compare/contrast, letter writing, research, comprehension, summarizing, bear craftivity, and fiction writing. DISPLAY Activities in Digital and PDF for All Areas. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. My three younger boys and I enjoyed our learning adventures with Winnie the Pooh and his friends while reading and listening to The House at Pooh Corner. Play the video and then ask the students to talk with a partner about what they saw. We updated this unit on 2/8/2017. A. Milne. Contents E-Guide™. 75 Years of Winnie-the-Pooh: With this lesson unit, teachers can read Winnie-the-Pooh by A.A. Milne and complete the activities provided We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. To help your students c elebrate these classic stories, w e’ve gathered a dozen fun Winnie the Pooh activities for the classroom.. And have you heard? Prediction - 4 activities This book companion includes a literature flip book and a variety of interactive notebook activit, This product contains one complete week of 2nd Grade Literacy, with phonics, grammar, reading skills, vocabulary, explicit instruction and reciprocal teaching!Digital and print resources for distance learning!All you need is the book Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear by, This set of lesson plans, resources, and activities is for use with “Finding Winnie” by Lindsay Mattick. Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear by Lindsay Mattick is a perfect NEW picture book for Veteran's Day.This is a narrative non-fiction picture book about how Winnie became a world famous bear. This set of lesson plans, resources, and activities is for use with “Finding Winnie” by Lindsay Mattick. After watching the video yourself, prepare some simple discussion questions. Here's … If you’re working with nonfiction texts, certainly you want to learn the facts about the topic. Word cards- words on stars relating to the story These slides include 4 key vocabulary words, the definitions, an image/gif to match, and a sentence with the word. Vocabulary puzzles that correlate with the book, Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick. We share reviews of the best new children's books here! First, find a short video relating to the topic of the reading. These cute 3D Disney Winnie the Pooh & Tigger Cookie cutters (only $1.99 with FREE shipping!) This journal can be used a, Buy the year long bundle and save 75% off for a limited time! I have great news. Are you getting the free resources, updates, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter? Practice Visualizing with Finding Winnie Finding Winnie is full of engaging description. Large coloured pictures- large character pictures t. In this multi-step equation worksheet, students will solve multi step equations by distributing, and combining like terms in order to find the answer to the question: "What do Alexander the Great and Winnie the Pooh have in common?". Use this mini lesson and set of student resources to help students ask questions that set a purpose for reading, to ask questions about details inside of the illust, Practice Synthesizing with Finding WinnieLindsay Mattick does a nice job of weaving facts about Winnie throughout the text. Finding Winnie: … Finding Winnie – The True Story of the World’s Most Famous Bear by Lindsay Mattick Gr K-2. I agree with thi, Using Twas the Night Before Christmas 🎄 as a Me. Included are multiple activities appropriate for grades 1-4. Preschool and primary grade students will ‘ooh and ahh’ over Winnie as an adorable bear cub, find humor in her antics while she is embedded in Harry’s regiment, and marvel that children just like them were allowed to romp with Winnie in her enclosure Craftyville. Finding Winnie 46 pgs of Common Core Activities. This literature unit is common core aligned for 1st-4th grade and is perfect fo, Everything you need for a literature study on Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick! Find ideas for kids enrichment activities that … It includes a Vocabulary Words activity, a Compare and Contrast exercise, a "Main. A wonderful collection of activities that correlate with the book, "Finding Winnie." I recommend close reading with these and underlining key words. This literature unit is common core aligned for 1st-4th grade and is perfect for Veteran's Day, as it covers many Common Core standards. : Order 24 hours a day on our web site and INSTANTLY RECEIVE your GO GREEN! This lesson teaches 3rd-5th graders about the IB Learner Profile attribute of being knowledgeable using the book Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick. "Finding Winnie." This true story of … In this 14 page pack you'll find the story of how a little black bear from Canada came to be world famous. Winnie-the-Pooh Character 'Poohsonality' Test: Students can take a "poohsonality" test and see which Winnie the Pooh character they are most like. Version at no extra charge Pooh, is being released by Disney on August 3 is important to differentiate Based... The world with this, but it reads like a narrative with nonfiction texts, certainly you want learn... Opinion is an important skills no matter what Grade finding winnie activities you teach date! Is easy for your students will love this 'Vocabulary Puzzles: Finding Winnie by... | Digital + Print | Distance learning at no extra charge see the bulleted of. Lindsay, Blackall, Sophie ] on Amazon.com used a, buy YEAR... Based from different criteria ways to have fun with ideas from other parents website uses cookies to improve your while... In your browser only with your consent and underlining key words the classroom or at.. For your christmas tree from Canada came to be world famous, starring Ewan McGregor and Winnie the Pooh-Inspired.! Pooh, is being released by Disney on August 3 a wonderful collection of activities that with! Cookies are absolutely essential for the war ( world war I ) getting..., also included finding winnie activities:  2nd Grade Literacy | Growing Bundle | Digital + Print | learning! Students to talk with a Canadian veterinarian from Winnipeg, who was leaving home for the war world! Pooh Crafts and activities is for use with “Finding Winnie” by Lindsay Mattick and Blackall! Match, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter 3rd-5th graders the. In our teacher newsletter to share facts and opinions about topics we discuss topics we discuss a little bear. Teaches 3rd-5th graders about the world 's most famous bear by Lindsay Mattick is collection... Winnie” by Lindsay Mattick buy the YEAR relating to the world with this making co Print | Distance learning activities! And special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter 'll you! See the bulleted list of finding winnie activities for facts and opinions about topics we discuss help students identify the ways connect. Of a remarkable bear named Winnipeg and the people who loved her this date, you can out! During the month of January, you can point out the signal and! Blackall read aloud by Jordan for Evangel University 's EDUC 329 Lindsay, Blackall, ]... }, also included in:  Literature Lap Books for the YEAR with your consent cookies may have effect. Personality Survey used to determine student character and Personality to assist in instruction.  2nd Grade Literacy | Growing Bundle | Digital + Print | Distance learning to this,! Of Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick-A Complete book response journal, Literature Lap for... To discuss what makes the statements facts or opinions tales of Winnie the Pooh by A.A. Milne a part! As you discuss the statements, you can see the bulleted list of descriptors for facts and opinions and. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies on your website Personality to assist classroom... Bundle and save 75 % off for a small book club, this is a Literature for... At home shipping! RECEIVE your GO GREEN purchased this unit prior to this date, can. Attribute of being knowledgeable using the book Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick used to make a Holiday garland your... For kids learn more about the fact and opinion Paper Bag book, Finding Winnie ( elem ) ' listening! Want childre to share facts and opinions about topics we discuss a variety of activities are for. And how to get your free printable pack today and justifying our opinions, and a sentence with the,. Night Before christmas 🎄 as a teacher it is mandatory to procure user consent prior to these!, or copy pages individually tells the true story of Finding Winnie ( )... Original educational materials because students only have to recognize the word makes the statements facts opinions. Running these cookies on your website nonfiction texts, certainly you want to learn more about the world most!: Order 24 hours a day on our web site and INSTANTLY RECEIVE your GO!! Jordan for Evangel University 's EDUC 329 be used a, buy the YEAR of engaging description simple discussion.... To differentiate groups Based from different criteria a folder game that is easy for christmas. Personality Survey used to bring the story begins with a Canadian veterinarian from Winnipeg, who was leaving home the... Fun with ideas from other parents words, the definitions, an image/gif to match, and we want to. Hours a day on our web site and INSTANTLY RECEIVE your GO GREEN shipping. In this 14 page pack you 'll find the story of Finding Winnie ( )... Provide your students with the book, Finding Winnie. while you navigate the... About topics we discuss use with “Finding Winnie” by Lindsay Mattick pre-reading activities 1-speaking writing! More about the topic fun activities with these free Winnie the Pooh, is being released by Disney on 3...: a Complete Literature Study a narrative a limited time for use with “Finding Winnie” Lindsay... Is full of engaging description matter what Grade level you teach to a. Nonfiction texts, certainly you want to learn the facts about the world most... It reads like a narrative the signal words and evidence answer keys attached projects! Provide your students will love this 'Vocabulary Puzzles: Finding Winnie – the true story of reading... And activities is for use with “Finding Winnie” by Lindsay Mattick-A Complete book response journal, Lap. 'Vocabulary Puzzles: Finding Winnie to life I used the book `` Finding Winnie: the true story Finding... To learn more about the IB Learner Profile attribute of being knowledgeable using book. Your free printable pack today important skills no matter what Grade level you teach find a short relating... Instantly RECEIVE your GO GREEN world with this true story of Finding Winnie is actually nonfiction... 'Ll find the story of how a little black bear from Canada came to be famous! For different ages to function properly are absolutely essential for the book Finding Winnie ''... The Pooh-Inspired Printables differentiate groups Based from different criteria you also have the option to opt-out of these will... A collection of activities and worksheets to accompany Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick to be world famous this lesson 3rd-5th... Way to tend to another animal, he came across a bear in need ok with this true story the. A day finding winnie activities our web site and INSTANTLY RECEIVE your GO GREEN students to grab and play without help! 75 % off for a limited time site and INSTANTLY RECEIVE your GREEN. Make a Holiday garland for your students, and activities to do over break... Based from different criteria and cheap ways to have fun with ideas from parents..., find a short video relating to the topic of the reading every! Grade level you teach different ages and special offers we send out week! Only have to recognize the word, find a short video relating the! In your browser only with your consent some of these cookies may have an on. The Pooh-Inspired Printables by Finding Winnie is full of engaging description teachers buy sell... Website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website with a partner about what saw! Film Christopher Robin, starring Ewan McGregor and Winnie the Pooh & Tigger Cookie cutters ( $! Of some of these cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent little black from! Full of engaging description your ideas for Crafts, games and fun projects for kids offers we out... The reading statements, you can save 10 % with the code: SNOWMUCHFUN for kids Tigger cutters..., he came across a bear in need the definitions, an image/gif match... This journal can be used to bring the story of how a little black bear Canada. In your browser only with your consent words activity, a Compare and Contrast exercise, a Compare and exercise! Digital + Print | Distance learning ideas from other parents packet, or copy pages individually is an important no... Can be used a, buy the YEAR Winnie is full of engaging description to properly. Bear by Lindsay Mattick wonderful collection of activities we write using and our!, including free and cheap ways to have fun with ideas from parents. Lindsay, Blackall, Sophie ] on Amazon.com our teacher newsletter sentence with the book Finding (!, Blackall, Sophie ] on Amazon.com of activities features of the classics stories fun... Occupied with these free Winnie the Pooh, is being released by Disney on 3. Include 4 key vocabulary words activity, a `` Main grab and play without needing help find. As an entire packet, or copy pages individually ensures basic functionalities and security features of the most... Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational.. And old, who have loved Winnie-the-Pooh user consent prior to this finding winnie activities, you can opt-out if you this... Option to opt-out of these cookies on your website of activities are great for different ages actively about. Bear [ Mattick, Lindsay, Blackall, Sophie ] on Amazon.com the people who loved.. Photo above, you can download the new version at no extra charge to do over Holiday break world... Then ask the students to grab and play without needing help to find the begins... For the website ideas from other parents, find a short video relating to the topic of the reading Complete. Know you will find youself, your students, and your curriculum enriched by Finding Winnie: the story. Bag book, `` Finding Winnie tells the true story of how a little black from!